Diseases of The Eye
The human eye is the most complex organ in our body. Even though it is small, it consists of many different parts. Each part is required to function harmoniously in order to provide us with good vision. There are many diseases that can affect the function of the eye, and some of these diseases may have no early symptoms and present no pain until it has become quite advanced. Therefore, it is important to protect your vision through regular professional eye examinations.
Diseases of the eye include:
Age-related macular degeneration is the physical disturbance of the centre of the retina called the macula.
Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets due to space-taking lesions such as swelling of the muscles, fat, and tissue behind the eye.
Cataracts are caused by changes to the transparency of the lens in the eye. The lens gradually becomes opaque and interferes with both distance and near vision.
CMV Retinitis is a serious infection of the retina that often affects people with AIDS. It may also affect people with other immune disorders.
Diabetic Macular Odema is caused by fluid accumulation in the macula. Patients with Diabetic Macular Odema typically experience blurred vision which can be severe.
Glaucoma occurs when a build-up of fluid in the eye creates pressure, damaging the optic nerve. Glaucoma leads to blindness.
Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.
When the retina detaches, the light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye becomes separated from the nerve tissue and blood supply underneath it.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the inside the eye, specifically affecting one or more of the three parts of the eye that make up the uvea.